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View container layout

Container components provide many options for layout and rendering.

Coming soon
This section is still in development. In the meantime, refer to the examples and reference documentation from the documentation home page.

Container layouts

Typescene uses a layout model that relies on flexbox positioning (i.e. CSS Flexible Box Layout, as implemented by modern browsers) to fit components within a parent container. Containers can be nested to achieve pretty much any desired layout.

  • Each container has a primary axis (horizontal or vertical) along which its child components are distributed.
  • Components can be grouped at the start, end, or in the center, or they can be spread out evenly within the available space.
  • Perpendicular to the primary axis, components are also aligned on one side, in the center, or stretched from side to side.
  • Components may override their own alignment, referred to as gravity.
  • Components may control the amount they are stretched (or grown) within their parent container along the primary axis, relative to other components. For controls, this is referred to as shrinkwrap, where buttons and labels are shrinkwrapped (i.e. not grown) by default while e.g. text input fields are not shrinkwrapped (grown to the available width) — but only along the primary axis.
  • Additionally, components may be wrapped automatically just like text across multiple lines, or content can be clipped to stay within the container’s bounds.
  • If a component’s gravity is set to overlay, the component is placed on top of its parent component, positioned relative to its bounds, with controls for the distance to top, right, bottom, and left sides (i.e. CSS absolute positioning).

Most container components default to vertical distribution and stretched alignment — with the exception of UIRow, which lays out its child components along the horizontal axis and aligns them according to the ‘baseline’ model, to align text in individual components along a single line.

// vertical distribution, stretched:
  { background: "@green" },
  // vertical distribution, not stretched:
    // horizontal distribution:
      UILabel.withText("Left side (LTR)"),
      UISpacer,  // fill available space in the row
    // horizontal divider:
    // another row:
      // stacked components:
        { dimensions: { grow: 1 } },
        UILabel.withText("Text underneath")
      // shrinkwrapped button on the side:
        position: { gravity: "start" }, // top
        label: "Go"